On His Return To Ghana After A Trip To The United States, The United Kingdom
Accra, March 24, 1961
I bring you hearty greetings from the many Ghanaians —men and women, your sons and daughters and friends in Britain, in America, in Morocco, and in Tunisia.
It is nearly three weeks now since I left Accra for New York, where I was privileged to address the resumed session of the United Nations Assembly on 7th March.
What I said then must be familiar to you all. I was at pains to make it quite clear to the world Assembly that, the problems facing our brothers in the Congo cannot be solved satisfactorily until all Belgian and other foreign interference in that country has been brought to an end.
The attempts of the imperialists and the colonialists to balkanize the African continent in their own interest should be obvious to all, except those who refuse to face the realities of what is happening in Africa today. I put forward to the General Assembly of the United Nations, eight practical and in my view, realistic proposals for the solution of the Congo situation.
I am convinced that independent African states, with the support of the Asian and other friendly countries, are of particular importance in the solution of the Congo problem.
While I was in America, I also took the opportunity to call on President Kennedy in Washington, and exchanged views with him on matters concerning Africa and world peace.
I found that the President was most sympathetic with the aims of our African policy, and eager to understand our views. I was impressed with the obvious sincerity and dynamic approach of his new American administration.
The Commonwealth Conference
This year’s Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers will go down in history as marking a significant landmark in the affairs of the Commonwealth. For the first time in its existence, the leaders of the Commonwealth were faced squarely with the challenge of reaffirming their acceptance of the logic of the multi-racial character of the Commonwealth.
The Union of South Africa has decided to withdraw from the Commonwealth, rather than abandon or modify the vicious system of apartheid. There was no alternative, but for South Africa to quit the Commonwealth. South Africa could not have it both ways, maintaining its apartheid system and electing to continue to remain within the Commonwealth.
But as far as we are concerned, this is not the end of the struggle. As I said before leaving London, this is not a struggle between black and white. It is a fight between good and evil, between what is right and what is wrong.
In this regard, we must do everything possible to mobilize African and world opinion for total economic, political and diplomatic sanctions against South Africa. I shall very shortly address Parliament on these matters
Talks in North Africa
During the last two days, I had been visiting Rabat and Tunis, where I held interesting and fruitful discussions with King Hassan II of Morocco, and President Bourguiba of Tunisia. We were in complete accord in our determination to work for the unity and independence of Africa, and the complete eradication of colonialism in all its forms from this continent.
In Tunisia, I also met Mr. Ferhat Abbas, the leader of the Algerian Provisional Government. President Bourguiba and I expressed to him our support for his forthcoming negotiations with the French authorities to secure the self-determination and complete independence of Algeria.
We sincerely hope that there will be a new era of peace in Algeria and that, the French Government will not impose any conditions which will make a just and peaceful solution impossible.
Thank you all once again. Good luck and God bless you.