The Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers which has just concluded has been a most significant one. For the first time, it has been necessary to examine the very foundations on which the Commonwealth rests. I personally have refrained from commenting on the decision of South Africa A to withdraw from the Commonwealth. All along, it has been my view that we should do everything we can to keep South Africa within the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth is not a Commonwealth of Governments but a Commonwealth of peoples —peoples of different racial characteristics.
At the same time, it was our clear duty to see whether there was any way we could influence South Africa to abandon her apartheid system. , Now that South Africa has decided to continue her apartheid system and has elected to withdraw from the Commonwealth, it is incumbent on all the members of the Commonwealth and the duty of all nations in the world to bring pressure to bear on South Africa to abandon her apartheid system, imposing total economic and political sanctions on South Africa.
The United Nations should insist on the compliance of South Africa with units Charter obligations. We should insist that South Africa should relinquish its stronghold over South West Africa, a territory which South Africa is supposed to administer a sacred trust of civilization. Our sympathy extends to the people of the three High Commission Territories in South Africa. We must do all we can to maintain their independence, to assist them to become examples of racial cooperation and to look forward to their ultimate federation with other independent African states.